Canadian Military Records

Library and Archives Canada holds an extensive collection of records of the Canadian men and women who have served their country in the military and in the early years of the North West Mounted Police. There are records relating to Loyalists, the War of 1812, the Rebellions, the South African War, the First World War and the Second World War, many of which are featured in databases, research guides and virtual exhibitions. The records include muster rolls, military service files, unit war diaries, medal registers, photographic collections, documentary art and posters, as well as published sources.

  • 1914 – 1918 – World War I – The digitization of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) service files is underway and a substantial number of digitized files have been added to their website as part of the Government of Canada First World War commemoration activities.  Digitization will continue until it is complete.
  • 1939 – 1945 – World War II –  The third major conflict Canada participated in and over 45,000 Canadian lives were lost. Canadian Military History – Military records identify people who served in the military or who were eligible for service. may be very useful for genealogical research of the families of Canada, especially the detailed service records of the 20th century. The Family History Library has few records of the regular Canadian military establishment, which began in 1870 when British troops were withdrawn. Before that, French or British forces provided national defense.

The Canadian Military Heritage Project – Find Canadian ancestors in in free searchable military databases for each war and rebellion Canada has been involved in.

Veterans Affairs Canada Remembering Those Who Served – A comprehensive list of a variety of Canadian military databases on military and non-military records.

Regimental Rogue – Researching Canadian soldiers of the First World War – Service records, war diaries and unit histories as well as unusual topics such as matching battlefield locations to the modern map.